2021 theme: Health and Wellness

Posted on

2020 was a year focused on illness, sickness, fear and loss. For Wiki Loves Africa’s 2021 theme, we intend to take a positive view of where we are and how we can be into the future. If nothing else, 2020 brought to the fore the importance of our health and wellness. Not only ours, but how our health systems and personal wellness affect those around us – people we know and love, and the complete strangers who we come into contact with whilst working, shopping, walking from one place to another.

The theme for Wiki Loves Africa 2021 is to visually interrogate all those factors that contribute to health and wellness. What is the difference between health and wellness? Health is seen as the state of physical, mental and social well-being in which disease and infirmity are absent, whereas wellness is the state of living a healthy lifestyle through enhanced well-being.

IMPORTANT: Please note that while the threat of contracting COVID-19 is still present globally, the Wiki Loves Africa organisers encourages people who wish to take photographs to exercise EXTREME CAUTION. Do not attend in-person events or take photographs anywhere without a mask. We would prefer that you use images from your archive or as you go about your daily practices. Please do not place yourself (or any person with you) at risk or in danger. #staysafe.


For Health, we would like photographers to consider the traditional and modern medicines to the individuals that ensure our health: doctors, nurses, caregivers, pharmacists, paramedics, researchers, cleaners, etc..  Health can encompass environmental health, physical health, social health, emotional health, intellectual health, and spiritual health, as well as sexual and reproductive health education.

  • Individual actors: Doctors, nurses, caregivers, pharmacists, paramedics, researchers, cleaners, patients, etc..
  • Structures: Public health systems, hospitals, clinics, medical centres, institutions, schools and universities, research laboratories, mobile units, ambulances, etc.
  • Medications and supplements: drugs, vitamins, minerals, herbs, etc.
  • Materials : masks, respirators, hospital bed, needles,
  • Essential practices:  PPE, ….
  • Role of science
  • Traditional health systems: traditional healers, tools, materials, and practices
  • Alternative health systems: homeopathic, naturopaths, etc.


Wellness is the state of being in good health, especially as an actively pursued goal.

Nobody wishes to be ill. Wellness is taking positive actions towards a healthy and fulfilling life by becoming aware of and making specific choices that keep the body and mind as healthy as possible. This is where preventative health practices towards Wellness can be captured by photographers. Daily and weekly practices that help to keep the mind and body fighting against illness.

  • Diet : healthy food, traditional foods, Organic food culture, etc.
  • Exercise: sports, practices, recreational activities, etc.
  • Sleep practices
  • Mindfulness, meditation, stress-reduction practices, etc.
  • Education: handwashing, food choices, sexual health options, etc.
  • Vitamins, minerals, herbs : local or traditional herbs
  • Self-care strategies include:
    • Personal and communal hygiene
    • Food safety and choices
    • Complementary and alternative medicine
    • Healthism
    • Mindfulness
    • Organic food culture
    • Salutogenesis
    • Workplace wellness

Wellness tourism:

Wellness travellers may seek procedures or treatments using conventional, alternative, complementary, herbal, or homeopathic medicine.

  • Spas, resorts, businesses, activities, etc.
  • physical fitness and sports
  • beauty treatments
  • healthy diet and weight management
  • relaxation and stress relief
  • spiritual tourism, including meditation and yoga, whether classical or as exercise;
  • health-related education.

Credits for images on this page:

  • Eight Dimensions of Wellness.png by DaisyFig, Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA 4.0
  • World bank collection People take precautions in Mali, Flickr, CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 (this page and as the feature image)
  • World Bank Collection precautions in Mali against COVID-19 coronavirus, Flickr, CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0
  • World Bank Photo Collection, COVID 19 testing, Flickr CC-BY-NC-ND 2.0
  • World Bank Photo Collection, MARKET PLACE, April 22 2020, KENYA, CC-BY-NC-ND 2.0
  • World Bank Photo Collection, COVID-19 testing Madagascar, Flickr, CC-BY-NC-ND 2.0
  • United Nations Photo, Ivorian Women Receive Prenatal Consultations, Flickr, CC-BY-NC-ND 2.0
  • USAID Ethiopia, Buge Health Center, Flickr,CC-BY-2.0
  • IBM Research Africa, Toby Kurien an electronics engineer, flickr CC-BY-ND
  • USAID Ethiopia, Remeda Health Post, Flickr CC-BY-2.0